PASMANIK, DANIEL (1869–1930), Zionist writer and leader. Born in Gadyach, Ukraine, Pasmanik studied medicine in Switzerland and Bulgaria and from 1899 served as an instructor in medicine at Geneva University. He joined the Zionist Movement in 1900 and became one of its leading publicists and theoreticians. In 1905, upon his return to Russia, he joined the editorial board of the monthly Yevreyskaya Zhizn and later of the weekly Razsvet. He advocated the evolutionary concept of Zionism, practical work in Ereẓ Israel, and active Zionist participation in Diaspora life (see helsingfors program ). Pasmanik's articles appeared in Russian, Yiddish, German, Hebrew, Polish, and Croat periodicals; several were published in pamphlet and book form. An entire Zionist generation was educated largely on Pasmanik's writings. He also contributed articles to die welt , to the non-Zionist Yevreyskiy Mir, and to the Yevreyskaya Entsiklopediya. In 1905 (January–October) he published pseudonymously, in Yevreyskaya Zhizn, a much-discussed, largely autobiographical novel, "Istoriya odnogo yevreyskago intelligenta" ("The Story of a Jewish Intellectual"). He was also among the first theoreticians of Po'alei Zion , with his Teorie un Praktike fun Poalei Zionizmus (1906). During the civil war in Russia (1917–21), Pasmanik sided with the counterrevolutionary White armies of generals Denikin and Wrangel, who were responsible for innumerable anti-Jewish pogroms. In 1919 he emigrated to Paris, where in 1920–22 he was coeditor of the Russian émigré paper Obshcheye Delo. Association with these circles estranged Pasmanik from the Zionist movement. Pasmanik's main writings include: Kritika "teoriy" Bunda ("A Critique of the 'Theories' of the Bund," 1906); Sudby yevreyskago naroda: problemy yevreyskoy obshchestvennosti ("The Destiny of the Jewish Nation…," 1917); and Russkaya revolyutsiya i yevreystvo: bolshevizm i iudaizm ("Jewry and the Russian Revolution…," 1923). His study Stranstvuyushchiy Izrail: psikhologiya yevreystva v razseyanii ("The Wandering Jew: The Psychology of Diaspora Jewry," 1910) was also published in German (1911) and Yiddish (1918). Pasmanik's last book, Qu'est-ce que le judaïsme? was published in 1930. Several studies on medical topics appeared in specialized German and French publications. (Joseph B. Schechtman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 1970 in poetry — yearbox2 in?=in poetry in2?=in literature cp=19th century c=20th century cf=21st century yp1=1967 yp2=1968 yp3=1969 year=1970 ya1=1971 ya2=1972 ya3=1973 dp3=1940s dp2=1950s dp1=1960s d=1970s da=0 dn1=1980s dn2=1990s dn3=2000s|Events* release of… …   Wikipedia

  • Rachel Bespaloff — (1895 en Bulgarie elle se suicida en avril 1949 aux États Unis où elle s était réfugiée, après avoir été contrainte de fuir la France) est une écrivaine américaine, fille de Daniel Pasmanik, théoricien du sionisme. Elle est originaire d une… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.